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The development history of China’s express delivery industry

1. The early stage of reform and opening up (1978 to the mid-1990s):

 In the early days of reform and opening up, China’s express delivery services were mainly monopolized by the state-owned postal department, and express delivery services were mainly provided as part of postal services.

Domestic express delivery services have less network coverage, limited service scope, low efficiency, and relatively high prices.


2. Market opening and the rise of private express delivery (from the mid-1990s to the early 2000s):

 With the in-depth development of China’s market economy and the improvement of its openness to the outside world, the express delivery market has begun to gradually open up.

Private express delivery companies have begun to emerge, such as SF Express and STO Express. They have broken the monopoly of state-owned postal services with more flexible, efficient and convenient services.

During this period, the service level of the express delivery industry has been improved, network coverage has continued to expand, and the express delivery business has gradually become an indispensable part of people’s lives.


3. Increasing market competition and industrial consolidation (mid-2000s to early 2010s):

 During this period, with the rise of e-commerce and intensified market competition, the express delivery industry entered a stage of fierce competition.

Express delivery companies have increased market investment, expanded network coverage, and improved service quality to compete for more market shares.

At the same time, a series of mergers and acquisitions have occurred in the industry, such as SF Express’s acquisition of Quanfeng Express, STO’s acquisition of YTO Express, etc., which has intensified the concentration of the industry.


4. E-commerce express delivery explosion period (2010s to present):

 With the booming development of e-commerce in China, the express delivery industry has entered an explosive period.

E-commerce platforms such as Taobao and JD.com have become the main source of express delivery business, and huge order volumes have driven the rapid growth of the express delivery industry.

In order to adapt to the needs of e-commerce business, express delivery companies continue to improve logistics and distribution efficiency, strengthen the management of warehousing, transportation and other links, and launch more customized services, such as time-sensitive services, evening delivery, etc.


 5. Green and sustainable development (in recent years):

 In recent years, with the improvement of environmental awareness, the express delivery industry has begun to pay attention to green and sustainable development.

Express delivery companies have successively introduced environmental protection measures such as green packaging and low-carbon distribution to reduce their impact on the environment.

The government has also strengthened supervision of the express delivery industry and promoted the industry’s transformation towards green development, such as strengthening the recycling of waste packaging and promoting the application of electric vehicles and new energy vehicles.

Post time: Feb-28-2024